REAR ADMIRAL DR. GRACE MURRAY HOPPER HELPED PROGRAM THE FIRST COMPUTERS.
Considered one of the first three “modern programmers,” Dr. Hopper made trailblazing breakthroughs in the development of computer languages.
A rear admiral in the US Navy, she is probably most well-known for inventing COBOL, or “common business-oriented language” in 1959. By the 1970s, COBOL was the “most extensively used computer language” in the world. It was also the first “user-friendly” computer software for businesses.
In 2016, Dr. Hopper was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the US’ highest civilian honor, for her contributions to the field of computer science.